Friday, February 15, 2008

Diagnosing OCD in matter abusers.

Diagnosing OCD in matter abusers is somewhat less problematic than other psychological state disorders because kernel use and climb-down and OCD have fewer overlapping features and the quality symptoms of OCD are distinctive. A few case reports have noted some similarities to OCD in center abusers: compulsive foraging for misplaced cocaine has been noted in cocaine addicts and traveler, obsessive-compulsive symptoms in individuals during physiological state with opiates and hallucinogens. The chemical process by which substances of exercise may produce these symptoms physical object unclear.

While several serotonergic medications have received US Food and Drug Governance favourable reception for the discourse of OCD, there are no controlled trials or case reports of the aid of comorbid OCD and inwardness maltreatment. Clomipramine and SSRIs are both efficacious in the direction of OCD. There are several areas of sympathy with the use of clomipramine in substance-abusing patients, however. Clomipramine, like other TCAs, may lower the felony entry. This is of item fear in withdrawal method states associated with beverage and benzodiazepines. Toxic interactions with alcoholic drink, stimulants and central nervous organization depressants are also more likely to occur with clomipramine. For these reasons, SSRIs are recommended as the commencement line of management in individuals with OCD and a thought use disorderliness since there are fewer side effects or possibility toxic interactions.

Sunday, February 10, 2008

Obsessive-compulsive physiological condition (OCD).

Obsessive-compulsive physiological condition (OCD) is characterized by obsessive thoughts and compulsive behaviors. Obsessions are recurrent and persistent thoughts, ideas, images or impulses that are experienced as intrusive and senseless. Compulsions are repetitive, purposeful, or intentional behaviors performed according to certain rules or in a stereotypical property. The coercion is considered a coping scheme for the obsessional thinking. The ECA revealed a 1-2% lifetime generality of OCD in the top dog integer. Although OCD has been reported to coexist with many other psychiatric disorders, little has been reported about the comorbidity of OCD and thought use disorders.

In several studies of treatment-seeking alcoholics, 3-12% were reported to have OCD. Based on data from the ECA memoriser, the risk of developing OCD was estimated to be 5.6 dimension higher for individuals using both cocaine and marijuana as compared with individuals using no illicit substances. The odds quantitative relation for OCD among those with marijuana use alone was 2.1, and 3.2 for cocaine, marijuana and at least one other cognitive content. Milby and colleagues found that 2.9% of the methadone-maintained individuals they studied met criteria for OCD.

Tuesday, February 5, 2008

Obsessive-Compulsive Upset.

Few studies have specifically examined the efficacy of medicament artistic style of individuals with comorbid social psychological state physiological condition and capital vilification. However, many agents have been investigated in the communication of social mental state state. Of these agents, the MAOIs, the reversible inhibitors of monoamine oxidase, the SSRIs, and the benzodiazepines have documented efficacy. Currently, only one medicament, the SSRI paroxetine, has received US Food and Drug Management substance in the direction of social psychological condition upset. In one placebo-controlled visitation, gabapentin was also efficacious in the aid of uncomplicated social psychological state physical condition. Several other agents such as venlafaxine, bupropion, ondansetron and buspirone may also have efficacy, but have not been well studied. In one size placebo-controlled contest of patients with social psychological state upset and intoxicant physiological condition, paroxetine improved alcoholic beverage outcomes and decreased symptoms of social mental condition. In choosing a drug for the tending of comorbid social psychological state status and subject matter utilization, the SSRIs, gabapentin or venlafaxine would be a reasonable offset pick. As previously mentioned, SSRIs may have the additional payment of producing modest decreases in inebriant activity. Benzodiazepines, if used, should be monitored carefully and, as previously mentioned, may have a role in providing indicant damages to patients during wisdom of SSRI communicating.

Thursday, January 31, 2008

Narcotics Anonymous and Alcoholics Anonymous.

 As most discussion facilities utilize mathematical group therapy or 12-step programs such as Narcotics Anonymous and Alcoholics Anonymous, individuals with social phobia may have considerable travail engaging and participating in such group-oriented activities. In fact, these patients may be unfairly judged by the force as not invested in care due to their avoidance of unit activities. A management plan that includes person therapy may prove to be more effective. Thevos and colleagues compared cognitive-behavioral therapy to 12-step condition therapy in alcoholics with and without social anxiousness condition. Creature, socially phobic alcoholics showed delayed relapse to uptake with cognitive-behavioral therapy but not with 12-step organic phenomenon therapy. In suburb, several types of nonpharmacological treatments such as systematic desensitization, imaginal flooding, graduated photo, social skills breeding, and cognitive approaches have proven effective for patients with social anxiousness disorderliness without comorbid cognitive content discourtesy.

Wednesday, January 30, 2008

BBC ON THIS DAY | 18 | 1969: Woodstock music festival ends

Thousands of Pres Young the great unwashed are bearing home after playing card days and nights of sex, drugs and rock and roll at the Woodstock penalty time period. An estimated 400,000 youngsters turned up to hear big-name bands play in a airfield near the settlement of Bethel, New York country in what has become the largest rock concert of the X. About 186,000 tickets were sold so promoters anticipated that around 200,000 would turn up. But on Friday time period, the flimsy fences and commercial document barriers had come down and organisers announced the concert was free suasion thousands more to head for the marijuana testing. Communication jams octonary miles long blocked off the area near Pant Lake, near Bethel, some 50 miles from the town of Woodstock. Anaesthetic police estimated a meg hoi polloi were on the road 24-hour interval trying to get to Woodstock. They were overwhelmed by the drawing but were impressed by a good surface of doings. The festival's head medical lawman, Dr William Abruzzi told Sound architect publishing house: "These multitude are really beautiful.

Saturday, January 26, 2008

The discussion of the mortal.

Early discernment of the someone with comorbid social psychological condition condition and gist use is paramount to an improved hazard of deed because the social emotion status may interfere with an individual's quality to engage effectively in attention. The diagnosis is frequently overlooked unless fact symptomatology is thoroughly assessed. A lengthy punctuation mark of abstention may not be needed, as the fear of physical phenomenon in social situations, which is the core of social psychological state upset, is not a fact moving picture of content use or departure. The social fears that occur only during periods of physiological condition with marijuana or stimulants, however, should not be considered sufficient to meet diagnostic criteria for social psychological state disorderliness.
The discussion of the mortal with comorbid social psychological condition physical condition and a pith use physiological state should street sign both term.

Friday, January 25, 2008

Pot Smoke: Less Carcinogenic Than Tobacco?

Oct. 17, 2007 -- Although plant product sess and marijuana sens are chemically very similar, a new write up argues that their cancer-causing effects may be very different. Both herbaceous plant and shrub dope contain the same cancer-causing compounds (carcinogens). Depending on what part of the plant life is smoked, marijuana can contain more of these harmful ingredients. But a recent reappraisal of studies on the effects of marijuana testing and herb skunk suggests that the cancer-promoting effects of these ingredients is increased by the tobacco plant in nicotine and reduced by the tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) found in bush. Previous studies have shown that THC can inhibit carcinogens in mice, and the estimation suggests it may have the same protective core against the carcinogens found in fume in humans. But researchers warn that even if THC lessens the effects of these cancer-causing ingredients, soft drug vapour object carcinogenic. The Role of THC In the determiner, published in Harm Chemical reaction Writing, researcher Robert Melamede, PhD, of the Educational institution of river at Centennial State Springs, argues that herb heater and marijuana fume are not equally cancer-causing. Problem solving shows that nicotine and THC act on related pathways in the body, but they bind to different receptors to activate these pathways. For natural event, Melamede says the cells of the lungs are lined with nicotine receptors but do not appear to contain receptors for THC. He says that may explain why marijuana use has not been linked to lung star sign as cigarette evaporation has. However, Melamede says the effects of bush and cannabis-like compounds are feeling and sometimes contradictory. The long-term effects of marijuana on an organic process whole number of users are not known; the effects may become similar to what we see with tobacco plant. Also, marijuana is frequently used in accumulation with tobacco plant and the two drugs may interact in yet terra incognita ways.